Top 10 Largest Desert In The World ( List of deserts ) Deserts of the world list | Important Note on Deserts around the World | List of deserts in India - Information That We Want

Friday, 9 October 2020

Top 10 Largest Desert In The World ( List of deserts ) Deserts of the world list | Important Note on Deserts around the World | List of deserts in India

Top 10 Largest Desert In The World | List of deserts | Deserts of the world list | Important Note on Deserts around the World | List of deserts in India



Desert is a very commonly known word which we heard in our life. But in this post we are providing the details notes on desert , Types of Deserts , List of deserts , Deserts of the world list, List of deserts in India , Top 10 Largest Desert In The World . You can find the details about the paragraph by studying content provided below. 

 

A desertरेगिस्तान ) is a barren area of land where little precipitation (any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity from clouds) occurs and, consequently, living conditions are hostile (प्रतिरोधीfor plant and animal life. About one-third of the land surface of the world is arid सूखा / बंजर ) (lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life) or semi-arid. Deserts generally receive less than 250 mm (10 in) of precipitation each year. The potential evapotranspiration may be large but in absence of available of water, the actual evapotranspiration may be close to zero whereas Semi-deserts are the regions which receive between 250 and 500 mm (10 and 20 in). Approximately 1/3 of Earth's land surface is a desert. 

Most of the people whenever think of a desert, they imagine that desert is a landscape covered with sand and sand dunes. Although many deserts are sand-covered but most are not. Many of the deserts landscapes are rocky surfaces because any sand size or smaller particles on the surface are quickly blown away and finally Rocky surfaces are left. So these deserts are barren wind-swept landscapes.


TYPES OF DESERTS IN THE WORLD 


Deserts are as being hot and dry, but some deserts are actually cold! There are four types Of Deserts: 

(I) Subtropical Deserts Which Are Hot And Dry Year-Round, 

(ii) Coastal Deserts which have cool winters and warm summer 

(iii) Cold winter deserts which have long, dry summers and low rainfall in the winter

(iv) Polar Deserts which are cold year-round.


Subtropical Deserts 


The Subtropical deserts are the hottest deserts. They are found in Australia, Asia, Africa and North and South America. Subtropical deserts are very hot and dry in the summer and cooler but still dry in the winter. The air is so hot and dry in these deserts that sometimes rain evaporates before it even has a chance to hit the ground. Rainfall happens in short bursts. The largest is the Sahara Desert is a subtropical desert in northern Africa which covers a surface area of about 3.5 million square miles. The soil in subtropical deserts is usually either sandy or coarse and rocky. Shrubs and small trees in the subtropical deserts usually have leaves adapted to retain moisture. Animals in subtropical deserts are usually active at night, when it is cooler.


Coastal Deserts 

 

The Coastal deserts occur in cool to warm areas along the coast. They have cool winters and long, warm summers. Coastal deserts are located on the west coasts of continents between 20° to 30° latitude. Winds off the coast blows in an easterly pattern and prevents the moisture from moving onto the land. The Namib Desert in Africa and the Atacama Desert in Chile are belongs to coastal deserts.


Cold winter deserts 

       

     The Cold winter deserts are also known as semi-arid deserts. They have long, dry summers and cold winters with low rain or snowfall. In the United States, the Colorado Plateau, The Great Basin and the Red Desert are all cold winter deserts. Other cold winter deserts include the Gobi desert in China and Mongolia and the Patagonian desert in Argentina. The lack of rainfall in cold winter deserts is often caused by the rainshadow effect (The rainshadow effect happens when a high mountain range stops reaching moisture to an area / land.) The Himalayan Mountains prevent rainfall to reach the Gobi Desert.


Polar Deserts 

 

 The Polar Regions, where little precipitation occurs, and theseare sometimes called polar deserts or "cold deserts".Polar desert are found in the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Antarctica DesertArctic Desert are Polar Deserts. 

Antarctica Desert is the largest desert in the world.


Top 10 Largest Desert In The World / List of deserts / deserts of the world list



Name of the Deserts

Country / Location

Type of Desert

Surface Area

Antarctic desert is belongs to which Country

Antarctica

Polar

5.5 million mi²

Arctic  

Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia

Polar

5.4 million mi²

Sahara desert is belongs to which Country

Northern Africa

Subtropical

3.5 million mi²

Arabian  

Arabian Peninsula

Subtropical

1 million mi²

Gobi desert is belongs to which Country

China and Mongolia

Cold Winter

500,000 mi²

Patagonian  

Argentina

Cold Winter

260,000 mi²

Great Victoria desert is belongs to which Country

Australia

Subtropical

250,000 mi²

Kalahari  

South Africa, Botswana, Namibia

Subtropical

220,000 mi²

Great Basin desert is belongs to which Country

United States

Cold Winter

190,000 mi²

Syrian  

Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia

Subtropical

190,000 mi²

Chihuahuan desert is belongs to which Country

Mexico

Subtropical

175,000 mi²

Great Sandy  

Australia

Subtropical

150,000 mi²

Kara-Kum desert is belongs to which Country

Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan

Cold Winter

135,000 mi²

Colorado Plateau  

United States

Cold Winter

130,000 mi²

Gibson desert is belongs to which Country

Australia

Subtropical

120,000 mi²

Sonoran  

United States, Mexico

Subtropical

120,000 mi²

Kyzyl-Kum desert is belongs to which Country

Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan

Cold Winter

115,000 mi²

Taklamakan  

China

Cold Winter

105,000 mi²

Iranian desert is belongs to which Country

Iran

Cold Winter

100,000 mi²

Thar  

India, Pakistan

Subtropical

75,000 mi²

Simpson desert is belongs to which Country

Australia

Subtropical

56,000 mi²


List of Deserts in India -


Name of the Deserts of India

Place / State belongs to

Jaisalmer desert is belongs to which State

Rajasthan

Kutch desert is belongs to which State

Gujarat (White Salt Desert)

Pushkar desert is belongs to which State

Rajasthan

Bikaner desert is belongs to which State

Rajasthan

Jodhpur desert is belongs to which State

Rajasthan

Chittorgarh desert is belongs to which State

Rajasthan

Kumbhalgarh desert is belongs to which State

Rajasthan

Ajmer desert is belongs to which State

Rajasthan

Bundi desert is belongs to which State

Rajasthan

Khimsar desert is belongs to which State

Rajasthan

Ladakh desert is belongs to which State

Jammu and Kashmir

Spiti desert is belongs to which State

Himachal Pradesh (Desert Mountain Valley)

Nubra Valley desert is belongs to which State

Kashmir

Great Thar Desert desert is belongs to which State

Boundary between India and Pakistan


Sometimes there are a lot questions asked in different examinations relating to the above topic i.e. Desert. So here we are discussing some important questions relating to this topic. The questions are described below - 


Q.1- Which is the largest hot desert in the world ?

  1. Antarctica Desert
  2. Arctic Desert
  3. Sahara desert
  4. Atacama Desert

Answer- (3) the Sahara Desert


Q.2. Which is the driest place in the world?

  1. Atacama desert in South America
  2. Sahara desert in Africa
  3. Australian desert in Australia
  4. Gobi desert in Asia

Answer (1) Atacama desert in South America


Q.3. Which continent was known to have no desert?

  1. North America
  2. South America
  3. Europe
  4. Africa

Answer (3)  Europe


Q.4. Which is the coldest desert in the world?

  1. Antarctic desert
  2. Gobi desert
  3. Kalahari desert
  4. Arabian desert

Answer (1) Antarctic Desert


Q.5Which is the biggest and coldest desert in Asia?

  1. Kalahari desert
  2. Thar desert
  3. Karakum desert
  4. Gobi desert

Answer-  (4) Gobi Desert


Q.6what percentage of the world's surface is desert ?

Ans. The Deserts are actually make up 33%, or 1/3rd of the land’s surface area of the earth. 


 

Q.7what percentage of deserts in the world are sandy ?
 

Ans. about 20 percent of deserts are covered by sand in the world.



Q.8.  Can You Guess Which Continent Doesn’t Have a Desert?

Ans. Europe is the continent that doesn’t have a desert. 



Q.9.  how many types of deserts are there in the world ?

 Ans. There are four types of deserts in the world.

 


Q.10.what is the name of the world's largest desert ?

Ans. Antarctic desert is the world largest desert which is covering the continent of Antarctica with a size of 
         around 5.5 million square miles.



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